Quick Answer: What Is Dental Infection Control?

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection.

Infection control starts with standard precautions.

Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections..

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What standard precautions should be taken?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices:hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.the safe use and disposal of sharps.More items…

Who is referred to as the father of modern dentistry?

Pierre Fauchard (1678 – March 22, 1761) was a French physician, credited as being the “father of modern dentistry”. He is widely known for writing the first complete scientific description of dentistry, Le Chirurgien Dentiste (“The Surgeon Dentist”), published in 1728.

What are routes of infection?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What is the most important infection control law in dentistry?

OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard (BBP) is the most important infection control law in dentistry. It is designed to protect employees against occupational exposure to bloodborne, disease-causing organisms, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the four ways cross infection can happen?

Cross infections can be caused by: bacteria. fungi. parasites….These microorganisms can be transmitted by:unsterilized medical equipment.coughing and sneezing.human contact.touching contaminated objects.dirty bedding.prolonged use of catheters, tubes, or intravenous lines.

How do you control infection?

10 Best Strategies for Infection Prevention and ControlHand Hygiene. … Environmental hygiene. … Screening and cohorting patients. … Vaccinations. … Surveillance. … Antibiotic stewardship. … Care coordination. … Following the evidence.More items…•

What is DHCP dental?

In this report, dental health-care personnel (DHCP) refers to all paid and unpaid personnel in the dental health-care setting who might be occupationally exposed to infectious materials, including body substances and contaminated supplies, equipment, environmental surfaces, water, or air.

Why is infection control important?

Infection prevention and control (IP&C) practices are important in maintaining a safe environment for everyone by reducing the risk of the potential spread of disease.

Why is infection control important in dentistry?

Dental Infection Control Prevents Spread of Disease Those bacteria can carry a host of diseases. The bacteria associated with periodontal disease can be spread through saliva. But there are other diseases that can be far more concerning such as tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV.

What are standard precautions and when should they be used?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are standard precautions in dentistry?

Standard Precautions are the minimum infection prevention practices that apply to all patient care, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status of the patient, in any setting where health care is delivered.

What is infection control checklist?

What is an Infection Control Checklist? An infection control checklist or infection control assessment tool is used in healthcare facilities such as hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes to assess cleanliness, infection control practices, and compliance with hygiene standards.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…