Quick Answer: What Happens If You Get A Needlestick Injury?

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low.

About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected.

But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it..

What should you do if you get a needlestick injury?

Emergency Sharps InformationWash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water.Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water.Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants.Report the incident to your supervisor.Immediately seek medical treatment.

How common are needlestick injuries?

Rough estimates indicate that in the US alone, there are nearly 600,000 needlestick injuries of which half are not reported.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What diseases can be transmitted through needle stick injury?

Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible. The risk of disease transmission is low.

How long does hepatitis live on needle?

The virus can survive on dry surfaces and equipment for up to 6 weeks. People who inject drugs can get Hepatitis C from: Needles & Syringes. Sharing or reusing needles and syringes increases the chance of spreading the Hepatitis C virus.

Can a needle stick injury spread pathogens?

Needle stick injuries are common and can transmit many blood-borne pathogens. Needle stick injuries (NSIs) can transmit more than 20 blood-borne pathogens, including HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and, more rarely, malaria, human T cell leukemia virus and Ebola.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better. Every hour counts. If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days. PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but not 100%.

How likely is it to get hep C from a needle stick?

The risk of transmission of HCV after a needlestick exposure from a hepatitis C-positive source is estimated at between 2-10%. This is less than the risk of hepatitis B virustransmission from a hepatitis B-positive source,but higher than the risk of HIV transmissionfrom an HIV-positive source.

Can you reuse a needle on yourself?

Both needle and syringe must be discarded once they have been used. It is not safe to change the needle and reuse the syringe – this practice can transmit disease.

What percentage of needlestick injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles …