Quick Answer: What Are The Emergency Drugs Used In ICU?

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route.

Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.

Injection routes.

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …

Sublingual and buccal routes.

Rectal route.

Vaginal route.

Ocular route.

Otic route.

Nasal route.More items….

What are the 10 most prescribed drugs?

The Top 10 Most Common Drugs by Total PrescriptionsMetformin: 78.6 Million Prescriptions. … Amlodipine: 72.5 Million Prescriptions. … Metoprolol: 68 Million Prescriptions. … Omeprazole: 58.8 Million Prescriptions. … Simvastatin: 56.7 Million Prescriptions. … Losartan: 52 Million Prescriptions. … Albuterol: 50 Million Prescriptions.More items…•

What are the types of CPR?

Different Types of CPR & Life Saving CoursesBasic Life Support CPR. A basic life support CPR class (or BLS) is for anyone wanting to obtain a CPR certification from the American Heart Association. … Advanced Cardiac Life Support. … Pediatric Advanced Life Support. … Heartsaver First Aid & CPR.

Can ECG detect heart blockage?

Your doctor may use an electrocardiogram to determine or detect: Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmias) If blocked or narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) are causing chest pain or a heart attack. Whether you have had a previous heart attack.

What are the 4 routes of medication administration?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.

What is the most common emergency in the dental office?

SyncopeSyncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What are the cardiac emergency drugs?

Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest responseAdrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. … Amiodarone. … Lidocaine. … Atropine. … Additional drugs. … Calcium chloride. … Magnesium sulphate. … Miscellaneous drugs.More items…•

What drugs are given during CPR?

Drugs for Resuscitation*Drug†Adult DoseDopamine2–5 mcg/kg/minute increasing as needed to maximum 20 mcg/kg/min)EpinephrineBolus: 1 mg Infusion: 2–10 mcg/minuteGlucose25 g 50% D/WLidocaine1–1.5 mg/kg; repeat every 5–10 minutes to a maximum of 3 mg/kg18 more rows

What are the 4 stages of heart failure?

There are four stages of heart failure (Stage A, B, C and D). The stages range from “high risk of developing heart failure” to “advanced heart failure,” and provide treatment plans.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

How many routes of administration are there?

9.5. For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Typically, atropine is the drug of choice for symptomatic bradycardia. An anticholinergic and potent belladonna alkaloid, it increases the heart rate, which improves hemodynamic stability. Epinephrine may be used as a secondary measure if atropine and temporary heart pacing don’t improve hemodynamic stability.

What are the five essential emergency drugs?

I. ESSENTIAL EMERGENCY DRUGSOxygen. Oxygen is indicated for every emergency except hyper-ventilation. … Epinephrine. … Nitroglycerin. … Injectable Antihistamine. … Albuterol (Salbutamol) … Aspirin. … Oral Carbohydrate.

What is the most important drug in an emergency kit?

Epinephrine represents the most important drug in the emergency kit. Though (hopefully) rarely used, it must be available for administration as soon as possible in the event of an anaphylactic reaction (see Dr. Reed’s article on page 126).

How do you stop a heart attack immediately?

What to do if you or someone else may be having a heart attackCall 911 or your local medical emergency number. … Chew and swallow an aspirin, unless you are allergic to aspirin or have been told by your doctor never to take aspirin. … Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. … Begin CPR if the person is unconscious.More items…•