Question: What Should You Do If You Get A Needlestick Injury?

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better.

Every hour counts.

If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days.

PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but not 100%..

What should you do if you get a needle stick injury?

What should I do if I injure myself with a used needle?encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water.wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.do not scrub the wound while you’re washing it.do not suck the wound.dry the wound and cover it with a waterproof plaster or dressing.

What should you do if you suffer a needlestick injury quizlet?

Thoroughly wash area of injury to decrease chance of infection; while washing, squeeze from top to bottom of finger to get the blood out.

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following:Hepatitis B surface antibody.HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months.Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

What steps should be taken in the event of an accidental needlestick quizlet?

Ensure the pt’s safety and control bleeding if the needlestick cause wound. notify the provider or other practitioner at once.might need to have tested performed. might need to receive or administered prophylactic medication. document carefully.

Do needlestick injuries bleed?

Generally, needlestick injuries cause only minor visible trauma or bleeding; however, even in the absence of bleeding the risk of viral infection remains.

Should you squeeze a needle stick injury?

Do not squeeze or rub the injury site. If blood or blood products make contact with eyes, rinse the eyes gently but thoroughly (remove contact lenses), for at least 30 seconds, with water or normal saline.

Can you get hepatitis from reusing your own needle?

Needles & Syringes. Sharing or reusing needles and syringes increases the chance of spreading the Hepatitis C virus. Syringes with detachable needles increase this risk even more because they can retain more blood after they are used than syringes with fixed-needles.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What should be done first after a needlestick or sharps injury?

If you experienced a needlestick or sharps injury or were exposed to the blood or other body fluid of a patient during the course of your work, immediately follow these steps: Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water.

What should be done with a used needle quizlet?

In the event that you are exposed to infectious materials by being accidently stuck with a used needle, you should report it to your supervisor and seek medical attention.

What percentage of needlestick injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles …

How long can a needle stay infected?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

What diseases can be transmitted through needle stick injury?

Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible. The risk of disease transmission is low.

How likely is it to get hep C from a needle stick?

The risk of transmission of HCV after a needlestick exposure from a hepatitis C-positive source is estimated at between 2-10%. This is less than the risk of hepatitis B virustransmission from a hepatitis B-positive source,but higher than the risk of HIV transmissionfrom an HIV-positive source.

What is the most common cause of needlestick injury?

Since syringe needle heads and angiocatheter are the main causes of needlestick injuries, providing safe medical equipment should also be emphasized.