How Serious Is Concussion?

How do doctors treat concussions?

However, most concussions don’t require surgery or any major medical treatment.

If the concussion is causing headaches, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol)..

How serious is a mild concussion?

A concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Doctors may describe these injuries as “mild” because concussions are usually not life-threatening.

What happens if a concussion goes untreated?

This common form of brain injury temporarily disrupts mental function. If not treated, it can have nasty, long-term consequences. People with untreated concussion may suffer from headaches and fatigue — sometimes for years. They aren’t as sharp as they should be mentally and they can’t focus.

How do eyes look when you have a concussion?

After more serious head injuries are excluded, a diagnosis of concussion can be made. Medical professionals have long used the pupillary light reflex—usually in the form of a penlight test where they shine a light into a patient’s eyes—to assess severe forms of brain injury.

How long after hitting head can concussion symptoms start?

“For some people, the symptoms after a concussion may not become apparent until later in the day,” says Beth Kolar, advanced clinician at Bryn Mawr Rehabilitation Hospital, part of Main Line Health, who explains that delayed concussion symptoms may present 24 to 48 hours after and injury.

Can you ever fully recover from a concussion?

Most people are able to fully recover from concussions, often within a month or less. Sometimes symptoms continue for longer than expected. If your symptoms do not improve, call your doctor.

How do you know if your brain is bleeding after hitting your head?

Seek immediate medical attention after a blow to the head if you: Lose consciousness. Have a persistent headache. Experience vomiting, weakness, blurred vision, unsteadiness.

How do you know if a concussion is serious?

Concussion Danger SignsOne pupil larger than the other.Drowsiness or inability to wake up.A headache that gets worse and does not go away.Slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination.Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures (shaking or twitching).More items…

Do I need to go to ER for Concussion?

When to Go to the ER for a Concussion You should call 911 or seek emergency medical attention if you have: Severe headache. Blurry vision. Loss of consciousness.

Can I sleep if I hit my head?

Unless a doctor says the person needs further treatment, the injured person should sleep and rest. A concussion can be caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.

How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?

Symptoms may include: Mild head injury: Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise….Moderate to severe head injury (requires immediate medical attention)–symptoms may include any of the above plus:Loss of consciousness.Severe headache that does not go away.Repeated nausea and vomiting.More items…

How long can a mild concussion last?

In general, symptoms of a concussion should resolve in two weeks. Some people have symptoms for longer — up to three months. Concussive symptoms typically resolve in 7 to 10 days (sports-related concussions) or within 3 months (non-athletes) (Epps and Allen, 2017).

Does a concussion require medical attention?

Most concussions will heal without major medical treatment. It’s best to be evaluated by a medical professional if you think you have a concussion. They can make sure you do not have a more severe injury and monitor you for changes.

How long does it take to recover from a concussion?

Concussion recovery and treatment. Approximately 80 percent of concussions resolve over seven to 14 days, with an average of 10 days. People with concussions should never return to sports or other physical activity sooner than one week from sustaining the injury.

Do I have a concussion test?

This exam looks for vestibular, balance, and vision problems that often occur with a concussion. Your doctor may order imaging tests — such as MRI or CT scans — to make sure there’s no bruising or bleeding in your brain. To confirm a concussion diagnosis, your doctor will use the data from your: Exam and interview.

What should you not do with a concussion?

4 things to avoid after a concussionExcessive physical activity. An increased heart rate may worsen your symptoms, dragging out your recovery.Strenuous mental activities. Reading, computer work, playing video games, texting and watching TV can overstimulate your brain, says Dr. … Driving too soon. … Pain relievers.

What are the stages of a concussion?

Types of ConcussionsGrade 1: Mild, with symptoms that last less than 15 minutes and involve no loss of consciousness.Grade 2: Moderate, with symptoms that last longer than 15 minutes and involve no loss of consciousness.Grade 3: Severe, in which the person loses consciousness, sometimes for just a few seconds.

How long after a head injury is it safe to sleep?

A person can go to sleep following a concussion if he or she is awake and able to hold a conversation. No other symptoms, such as dilated pupils or trouble walking, should be present before sleeping.

Can you be knocked out and not have a concussion?

Someone with a concussion might be knocked out (this is called a loss of consciousness). But a person doesn’t have to get knocked out to have a concussion.