How Can You Reduce The Risk Of Sharp Injury?

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low.

About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected.

But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it..

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better. Every hour counts. If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days. PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but not 100%.

What is the protocol for a needlestick?

Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants. Report the incident to your supervisor.

How do you prevent and manage needlestick or sharps injuries?

Avoid using needles whenever safe and effective alternatives are available. Avoid recapping or bending needles that might be contaminated. Bring standard-labeled, leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps containers to clients’ homes. Do not assume such containers will be available there.

What percentage of sharps injuries occur during or after disposal?

65 per cent of injuries were sustained during a clinical procedure, 27 per cent after the procedure but before disposal, and 10 per cent using and after disposal. It difficult to know the true nature of the problem as many sharps injuries go unreported each year.

How long do viruses live on needles?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

What percentage of needlestick injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles …

What do I do if I got pricked by a needle?

Treatment: When somebody accidentally gets pricked by a needle: as soon as possible, wash the area around the puncture for at least 30 seconds, using soap and warm water. Bottled water can also be used if no hand washing facilities are available.

How do sharps injuries occur?

A sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or other sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. Sharps injuries are typically the result of using sharp equipment in a fast-paced, stressful, and potentially understaffed environment.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

What happens if you accidentally poke yourself with a used needle?

If you come into contact with blood or body fluids, always treat them as potentially infectious. If you prick yourself with a used needle, hold the affected limb down low to get it to bleed. Do not squeeze the wound or soak it in bleach. Wash the area with warm water and soap.

What are the chances of getting Hep C from a needle stick?

The risk of transmission of HCV after a needlestick exposure from a hepatitis C-positive source is estimated at between 2-10%. This is less than the risk of hepatitis B virustransmission from a hepatitis B-positive source,but higher than the risk of HIV transmissionfrom an HIV-positive source.

What risks are associated with sharps?

The risks associated with a sharps injury include:Exposure to blood-borne viruses (BBV’s) and other pathogens. This includes HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV). … Psychological stress. The period of testing after exposure to bodily fluids from a sharps injury can be very stressful. … Financial repercussions.

What is the biggest cause of sharps injuries?

Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs).

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following: Hepatitis B surface antibody. HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

Are all sharps injuries preventable?

The vast majority of needlestick injuries are preventable. Some workplaces maintain high safety standards and have put many precautions in place to try to avoid injury. But these procedures alone cannot stop needlestick injuries.

What diseases can you get from a used needle?

Some people, such as health care workers are at increased risk of needlestick injury, which occurs when the skin is accidentally punctured by a used needle. Blood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by such an injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).

How can needle stick injuries be prevented?

These injuries can be avoided by eliminating the unnecessary use of needles, using devices with safety features, and promoting education and safe work practices for handling needles and related systems.